Repair is a complex and sometimes lengthy process. Its success depends not only on the skill of the workers, but also on the quality of materials and their correct selection. Manufacturers of paints and varnishes offer hundreds of types of coatings, and only a true professional can confuse them.
But upon closer examination, you can see that the entire range of colors can be easily and conveniently categorized, sorted, and then chosen from the most appropriate category for a particular case.
What are the best paints for interior walls?
When purchasing materials for interior repair, it is necessary to choose only paints, fillers and primers from the “For Interior Works” series. This limitation is due to the fact that medium-toxic antiseptics, plasticizers or hardeners, which can cause irritation and allergic reactions in a closed room, can be added to facade paints or other means for treating external surfaces. Even if these vehicles are marked with environmental safety signs, it is better to use them for their intended purpose – that is, outside.
For interior work, various types of paints for walls and ceilings were created based on safer components. A number of coatings have a universal purpose, and they can be safely used for internal and external repairs, for example, oil paints or water-soluble glass. There is also a label on the packaging about the variety.
All the most common interior paints can be divided into two main types – water-based and other types of solvents. If you ask any professional builder what paint to choose for the walls in the apartment, then in 99% of cases the answer will be the same – water-based.
Water-soluble paints are very convenient to use:
- dries quickly
- It has no smell
- perfectly coloured,
- Compatible with most building materials.
In most cases, water-soluble interior paints are produced in the form of dispersions and emulsions. The film-forming substance and dyes do not dissolve in water, but are suspended, evenly distributed throughout the volume. The difference between water-dispersion paints and water-based paints is very subtle and understandable only to professionals.
At the consumer level, you need to know one thing – after the evaporation of water, the particles of the film-forming substance merge into an integrated layer and form a strong film that is difficult to wash off or does not react with water at all, very thin, but durable and mechanically strong. If pigments and pigments are added to the paint, they bind to the basic molecules and color the paint to full depth.
Interior paints based on acrylic resins and acrylic copolymers (methyl and butyl acrylate copolymers) are among the most versatile. If the question is what paint is better to paint the walls in the apartment so that the paint lasts as long as possible, then the answer will be obvious – acrylic. They have water-repellent properties, dirt repellent, and wash well. Many acrylic paints are suitable for use in rooms with constantly high humidity.
The best acrylic paints for home renovation are produced in most cases, sold as a white base, which is tinted by a machine using a computer-based color palette. In order for the tone of the finished composition to match the desired composition, it is necessary to purchase pigments and color pastes from the same manufacturer as the paint, so the risk of incompatibility of the components will be eliminated.
After drying, acrylic paints somewhat change the color of the surface, therefore, before decorating the main area, it is necessary to paint a small part of the wall and wait for it to dry. If you do not want to spend time on this, use the services of a color studio – it will show true color on the wall under various lighting options.
Very strong waterproof compounds designed for rooms with difficult operating conditions, but can also be used in ordinary rooms. It is produced on the basis of acrylic copolymers with the addition of natural or synthetic rubber. You can buy latex paints of varying degrees of gloss. Like acrylic, it is perfectly tinted and keeps color for a long time.
They have excellent adhesion to concrete, brick, drywall, wallpaper and putty. They are more expensive than acrylic, so they are usually used in places that really need a waterproof coating.
Before choosing paint for the walls in the apartment, you need to familiarize yourself with another type of popular composition – interior paints based on silicone resins (silicone). It has high strength, water resistance, fire-fighting properties, perfect vapor passage and does not interfere with the gas exchange of wall materials with the atmosphere. But it is very expensive. Silicon compounds in their pure form are difficult to find on sale; Acrylic compounds that contain a certain amount of silicone components are often sold.
Silicone paints are most often used to decorate individual sections of the wall or architectural elements. The technology of their application may differ in some details, therefore, before use, it is necessary to study the instructions. Different manufacturers develop their own technologies for applying the composition, which must be followed.
Rules for choosing paint for walls of rooms for different purposes
Each room of the house differs in operating conditions, and, accordingly, the requirements for finishing materials. In different rooms, different types of wall paints are used, which are most suitable for the characteristics of their purpose.
Bedroom and paint hall
For calm interiors of living rooms and bedrooms, acrylic matte paints are great. It must have a high vapor permeability so that the wall absorbs excess moisture. Latex and silicone are not suitable here – there is no need for a durable surface and additional financial costs can be avoided.
How to choose wall paint for nursery
Washable high-strength acrylic paint is optimal for this room. The activity of a child of any age will inevitably lead to accidental or deliberate damage to the walls, which is easy to get rid of if the paint layer is durable and not afraid of water.
For children, hypoallergenic sensitivity and environmental safety of the paint are also important – children can taste the walls, often touching them with their hands. You should choose formulas that are marked with environmental safety labels or that are specifically designed for children.
What paint to paint the walls in the bathroom and kitchen
Paints that are waterproof, chemically inert, washable and have high vapor permeability are needed. Best of all, these characteristics are consistent with latex, and silicone can be used for wall panels.
Choosing paint for the corridor
In the corridors it is necessary to use coatings that form a mechanically strong and dirt-resistant film. Latex formulations are best suited for these purposes.
When choosing, you can focus on the price category. You can not buy too cheap in any case – the rule about miserliness, which always pays twice, will definitely work here. Optimally – buy paint at an average price. There is no exaggerated element of the brand, and the quality is quite acceptable.