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What is parquet? What are its types?



parquet floors It is a type of organic coating used for . It’s a natural material used to cover the floor in floors. It is widely used in buildings. It has useful and easy to clean features compared to its alternatives. Home, office, etc. It can be installed quickly and easily without any problems in areas such as different finishes can be obtained with different types of parquet, with or without joints. Due to the rapid increase in population and the emergence of environmental problems, laminate and laminate floors began to be used more often instead of hard .

Floor renovation is an important touchstone in home décor. The choice of parquet in floors is indispensable for a natural look. You can choose the parquet according to your budget, or if you want a natural look in the decor, you can choose laminate or solid parquet. Although they mix a lot, laminate flooring and laminate flooring are very different from each other. Therefore, it would be better to get information about the parquet from the place where the product will be supplied.

Parquet types

Parquet is classified differently according to its material. Types of  are divided into 3 main groups:  laminate , solid .

laminate floors

Laminate flooring is one of the types of floors that are produced with synthetic materials. It is incorrectly used as a “laminate”. According to the TDK, it is recommended for use as sheets. It is obtained by impregnating the leaves with a solution of synthetic resin, laying them on top of each other and pressing them into hot presses. The reason laminate flooring is preferred today is that it is unaffected by stains and water. Another advantage of laminate floors is that they are easy to install.

In order not to damage the texture and color of wooden floors, the use of detergents should be avoided. Cleaning should be done with a damp cloth as often as possible. Since it is synthetic parquet, its cost is very reasonable. In addition, since it is artificial, it can be produced in the desired colors and patterns.

Laminate floors consist of 4 different layers. Due to the lack of a natural structure, its prices are reasonable compared to other types of parquet. It is environmentally friendly as it reduces the use of wood. It has a 2mm thick top coat as a polishing layer on its top layer. In the lower parts, there is a 2mm thick hdf layer, balance paper and a paper layer. Laminate flooring models, with a total thickness of 8 mm, have a thinner structure compared to laminate floors.

Laminate floors generally consist of 4 layers:

Tabaca Overlay

It is the layer that contains aluminum oxide particles with a cellulosic content. Protects wood floors from scratching.

pattern paper

The paper is a film layer, which gives laminate floors the ability to use unlimited colors and patterns.

HDF layer

It is a layer containing high density fibreboard/particleboard.

balance sheet

The layer that provides insulation and protects the parquet from moisture.


It is not affected by the sun and its color does not fade.
Scratch-resistant thanks to the varnish layer.
– Very suitable for use in areas with heavy human traffic.
It is environmentally friendly as it reduces the use of wood materials.
Thanks to embossed paper, it is possible to produce the desired colors and patterns.
– No paint or varnish required.
It is the cheapest type of parquet among other types.
– It is very easy to install.
Impact resistant.
It is not affected by cleaning agents.
Moisture resistant.
Also suitable for use in areas with underfloor heating.
– Easy to maintain and clean.
Can be adapted to any decoration.
– Not affected by abrasion, scratching, heat, cigarette burns and sunlight.


– Not normal.
Does not reflect the appearance of wood well.
– Not in a breathable structure, and has no air permeability. It cannot be said that it is as healthy as other types of hardwoods
. – Not available for repair.

Types of laminate flooring

– High pressure HPL laminate

CPL . Continuous Pressure Sheets

– Direct DPL before laminating

How is it brushed?

– The process begins by placing a nylon plate in the size of the bottom. With nylon, the parquet is protected from moisture.
– By placing the mattress, it is ensured that the parquet is comfortably furnished and heat and sound insulation is created.
– Laminate floors. It is possible to lay it very quickly with the help of pegs.
– After laying, the gaps between the parquet and the wall are filled with glue to prevent moisture and water from spreading to the parquet.
– The edges of the parquet are installed on the edges after being placed.

Lamine Park

The word laminated means “gluing”. It was called by this name because it was obtained as a result of gluing two or three wooden materials. Laminate parquet consists of three hundred percent layers of natural wood. Its bottom layer is 2mm, its top layer is 4mm, and its middle layer is 8mm. Laminate floors, with a total thickness of 14 mm, may wear out and darken their surface over time. To prevent this, parquet varnish should be used. Due to the fact that laminate flooring models are completely natural, their unit costs are more expensive. Laminate floors can consist of two or three layers. The value of the tree increases from the lower ground to the higher ground.

Underfloor laminate flooring is made from the cheapest, easiest-to-find woods such as plywood, plank, and sawdust. In the upper tier, high-quality wood materials are used, which gives the appearance of parquet. two-layer laminated parquet, a laminate layer of natural wood is laid on top of the sawdust layer in the substrate. In three-layer laminated parquet, the bottom layer is again made of sawdust, the middle layer of natural wood is laid on the second layer, and the layer made of natural wood is laid on the top layer. Because of this feature, its cost is slightly more expensive than laminate flooring.

The thickness of the top layer of laminated parquet should be between 3-9 mm, otherwise the thin layers will wear out and lose their striking appearance in a short time. It has a more delicate structure than laminate floors, so it is quickly affected by water and moisture. Laminate floors are completely organic products. If a lump occurs on the floor, it must be removed and reinstalled. For those who are looking for nature and longevity in their homes, laminate flooring will be the right choice.


– Natural and breathable material.
– It’s healthy.
Gives the look of wood in the most natural way.
It is not exposed to any chemicals while pressing.
– It can be fixed.
It can be subjected to stirring and polishing process.
– It’s long lasting.
It does not get moisture easily.
It does not need polishing for many years.
– It can be installed easily and quickly.


– It’s expensive.
– It gets damaged in the sun.
– It can easily be subjected to scratches.
It is not recommended for use in crowded places.

How is it brushed?

The nylon is placed in the subfloor, which prevents moisture coming from the nylon subfloor from spreading to the wooden floors.
– Placed on skewers on nylon so that sound and heat do not pass and the parquet is more comfortable.
– If the parquet has two layers, it is laid on the floor by gluing.
– After the flooring process is completed, the edges of the room are filled with glue to prevent water and moisture coming from the side walls from contacting the parquet.
– The edges of the parquet are installed on the edges after being placed.

hard parquet

Solid parquet means pure, solid, and does not go through any process like laminate flooring. Due to its durability, it is made from trees such as oak, rosewood, ash, and trumpet keel. Due to its nature, it is healthy and long lasting. Creates an aesthetic appearance in the areas where it is applied. It is also very functional in terms of providing thermal and acoustic insulation. If you want to have hardwood floors, you should know that polishing must be done at certain intervals.

Hard parquet is produced from one tree. Its maintenance and laying time is more troublesome and longer than other types of parquet. Hard parquet is more durable and long-lasting than other types of parquet. When applying hard parquet, the floor must be flat. After applying the hard parquet, the sanding procedure must be carried out twice. The thickness of hard parquet and laminated parquet is approximately the same. One problem to consider with hardwood floors is that they should not come in contact with water. Such parquet should be cleaned with a damp cloth.

Hardwood floors are a more expensive option than other varieties; But it is the most natural of them all. This parquet, which has a structure based on completely pure wood, does not contain any chemicals and does not contain additional substances. The application of hard , which is very good in terms of sound and heat insulation, is also a difficult process and requires good workmanship. Solid parquet is obtained by chipping raw wood with thicknesses from 14 mm to 22 mm.

It is a healthy, aesthetic, solid and warm looking parquet. However, it is an expensive method because it requires a lot of wood to produce and its application requires mastery. In addition, it is not ecological because it causes a lot of logging. Wax polishes or natural oils should be used for its maintenance. It is suitable for natural styles such as country, Scandinavian, industrial, Mediterranean.


– It’s normal.
– It gives an aesthetic image.
– It’s healthy.
Reflects the beauty of wood in the best way.
Provides heat and sound insulation.
Thanks to its natural pores, it allows the material to breathe.
Stirring can be done.
Parquet life can be extended for at least 40 years with scraping every 6 years.


– It is the most expensive among other types of parquet.
The floor on which it will be applied must be very smooth.
The application time is very long.

– Hard parquet should be brought to the area where the application will be made before the operation and they should be accustomed to the humidity and air of the environment. This is about 10-15 days.
Parquet and sanding operations (up to 7 days) extend the application period.
It is affected by changes in humidity and temperature.

Differences between laminate floors

One of the differences between laminate floors is that the areas of use differ. Laminate floors are floors that do not breathe and have hard-layered surfaces. It is suitable for use in areas with heavy human traffic such as workplaces and office areas. Hardwood laminate floors are not recommended for use in living spaces such as homes.

The most ideal model for the house is laminate or steel parquet. Laminates maintain their appearance for many years and are a huge favorite in homes because they are a natural material that breathes. On the other hand, laminate flooring is environmentally friendly due to the less use of wood. It is possible to produce the desired colors and patterns of laminate floors with a synthetic topcoat. Laminate parquet is affected and damaged by the sun. In areas with heavy human traffic, laminate floors wear out quickly and scratch easily.

Favorite Parquet Colors

Laminate floors are divided into a wide range by their varieties and colors. The selection is made according to the style and taste of people, or in square meters of places to be applied, and even the color of furniture, accessories and walls. In general, laminate flooring colors are divided into light and dark colors by parquet manufacturers.

Parquet colors are light

Light-colored parquet is often preferred because it makes the environment or room appear wider. Light-colored parquet does not show dust and dirt and is very convenient to use. It fits easily with all types of furniture.

The most preferred types and colors of light parquet:
– gray
– light oak
– white
– maple
– silver
oak – oak

Parquet colors dark

Dark parquet is especially used in homes and offices that receive a lot of light and are larger in square metres. Dark can also be preferred in places with classic decor. Although it adds a different air to the applied area with its beautiful appearance, dark is drawn more than light and dust appears.

The most preferred types and colors of dark parquet:
– Iroko
– Merbau
– Walnut
– Beech
– Sapele
– Maple
– Doussie

parquet prices

Prices are also an important factor. Prices vary depending on the type and thickness of the material used in its production. In the event that parquet is preferred for homes or workplaces, the budget should be determined first and work accordingly. Laminate parquet will be a good choice as the budget allows. Laminate floors are made of natural, live materials, as mentioned earlier. On the other hand, laminate flooring is sold at reasonable prices because it is made of unnatural materials. Although it seems ideal to sell at an affordable price, it will cause additional costs with problems that will occur later. Therefore, cheap options for home flooring should be avoided.

The right choice would be to use good brand products at reasonable prices. The choice of parquet is a laborious process. At this stage, advice can be obtained from a competent person, that is, an interior designer. In keeping with his advice, it would be easy to make an affordable and high-quality option.

3D Wooden Floor Models

These models have been frequently encountered in recent years (in places such as homes and offices). 3D laminate floors have a richer and warmer atmosphere that adds depth and liveliness to the environment.

Rustic – original parquet patterns

Completely inspired by nature, this type of parquet is called rustic style due to the use of natural materials such as stone and wood. It is possible to see the rustic (authentic) parquet pattern in the decoration of homes with living spaces. The main theme of the parquet style is wood. Aging and cracks were applied to this type of parquet, and this type of parquet is made by hand. It is a product that can be aged or crack level determined according to people’s wishes and preferences. The reason for preferring rustic (authentic) parquet is that its surfaces are undamaged.

What should be considered when choosing parquet?

Issues of form, texture or color must also be considered, as well as the durability of the crucial flooring. Parquet, which quickly deforms over time, is scratched, dusty and dirty will not be a good option.

Furniture, wall paint, paper coverings and accessories should be considered when choosing parquet colors. The choice of high edges in harmony with the color of the to give the parquet a more elegant look provides a pleasant appearance in the applied space. Another important factor in choosing a is the area in which it will be used. Therefore, there are two different types of parquet classes, residential and commercial, in parquet production. In addition to these two different categories, there are also wearing classes based on the durability of the . The wear classes of are determined according to the foot traffic of the applied area (floor) and the condition of the floors.

While the upper classes are preferred in places with high traffic, the lower classes are used in the less active floors. 21, 22, 23 categories of housing; Categories 31, 32, 33 are suitable within commercial areas. The thickness of the parquet is also of great importance in terms of the durability of the parquet.

When choosing the thickness of the parquet, the thermal insulation, the condition of the floor and the intensity of movement should be taken into account. Although 8 mm  meets all needs, 10 mm models with increased thermal insulation can also be easily used in interiors. The color options for the parquet also differ according to the region of use and needs. Oak tones add a natural and warm atmosphere to living spaces. Gray parquet creates a modern atmosphere in homes and workplaces. Dark gives weight to the environment. Light-colored parquet makes living spaces appear brighter and more lively.

Things to consider so as not to damage the parquet

Mats should be placed in front of exterior doors to protect them from dirt, debris and moisture.
When cleaning the floor, a slightly damp cloth should be used.
Floor protectors must be used on furniture.
Wooden parquet is directly affected by sunlight and its colors fade. For this reason, blinds should be kept closed and precautions taken to prevent direct exposure to sunlight.
Pet nails should be trimmed.
Furniture and heavy appliances should not be moved on the  floor by sliding.
Carpets or rugs should be used in heavy use areas.
Must keep room temperature and humidity under control.

Things to consider while laying parquet

The floor on which the parquet is placed must be smooth and dry.

– There are three types of flooring in . Hammering on grooving and sticking on screed and buoyancy system. Selection of floors by type of apartment heating.

The floor must be cleaned well before paving  There should be no dishes of lime and mortar on the floor.

The extension must take place after installing the windows, completing the painting and bleaching work, and completing the heating, electricity, sanitary installations and assembly operations.

The appropriate adhesive must be used on the parquet.

– Since there will be stretching of the , a wall margin of 2 cm should be left and the miter cutting should be done about a week after the flooring.

Dry sawdust should be sprayed after cutting floors and edges are finished and should wait seven days before milling.

– After the leveling process, the fine polishing powder must be mixed with the filler varnish and turned into a paste, and the gaps between the parquet should be filled. After the pastes have hardened, they must be sanded with fine sandpaper and subjected to grouting, varnishing and polishing processes.

– Polishing and varnishing operations should be done every day separately.

You must wait a week after the final polishing of the paint and then insert the area.

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