Suspended ceilings are an excellent solution for office, retail and residential buildings.
What are suspended ceilings?
Suspension systems – a frame on which a variety of modular elements are fixed – boards, bars, boards, etc., or sheets of drywall. Despite the variety of appearance and characteristics, the general scheme for installing ceilings is almost the same.
Suspensions are attached to the surface of the base (floorboards, beams, etc.) (elements of the plate or bars, the latter are lighter, but the former provide rigid fixation). A frame made of wooden beams or metal profiles is fixed to the suspension system, while the edges of the structure are attached to the walls, which ensures its stability. Removable parts are fixed to the frame using fasteners and latches or placed in the cells.
General benefits of suspended ceilings
- They hide imperfections at the base without the need for hard work.
- Suspended ceilings are located at a distance of 10-25 cm from the main floor. Wires, pipes, ducts, etc. are placed in the resulting usable space, and can also be installed directly on the base base.
- They allow you to arrange effective lighting, using not only a central chandelier, but also using additional light sources.
The material consists of two sheets of thick cardboard, between which gypsum is laid. With the help of drywall, craftsmen can create a flat and smooth surface or a unique design – curved and multi-level structures, adding figured details, ledges, niches and unusual lighting solutions.
Gypsum ceilings can be installed in both dry and wet and niche rooms. Manufacturers produce the following types:
- Standard material
- moisture resistant – with the addition of silicone used for the kitchen, bathroom and laundry;
- fire retardant – with fiberglass additives, required in finishing rooms with increased fire hazards;
- with a special impregnation that protects against moisture and prevents flammability;
- Flexible – for decorative finishing.
Drywall does not contain harmful impurities, has vapor permeability, provides a suitable indoor climate, as well as excellent heat and sound insulation properties. The mass of one plate is 15 kg.
The material itself is quite fragile and requires accuracy during installation. It is recommended that the latter be performed by a team of at least three people. After the main structure is installed, the seams are sealed, the surfaces are finished with putty, primer, and paint. Each stage takes several days, and you must also wait for it to dry completely.
Suspended tiled ceilings
These are assembled roof structures of square, rectangular or hexagonal models – bars of different materials:
- Metal – galvanized steel or aluminum, in the first case, the plate is finished with a powder coating, in the second – with a bimetallic or polished composition, due to which it acquires mirror and shade properties.
- Cassette-type mirror ceilings – made of silicate glass or acrylic, come with a glossy or matte surface – silver, gold, etc. The mounting rails are painted according to the cassette color scheme.
- Gypsum – available in different shades and textures, is used in rooms with normal humidity, has good noise and heat insulation properties.
- Glass – according to the material of manufacture, it is similar to a mirror, but has transparency. If you install lighting fixtures over the cassette, you can get diffused light that is pleasing to the eye.
- From mineral or glass fiber – the first is a good insulation, and the last – in structure resembles fiberglass wallpaper.
- Timber is expensive and rarely used, because it is made of bamboo, teak, ash, etc. Decorative motifs are used to finish the frame.
Cassette-type ceilings are open and closed, in the first case, frame bars are available for viewing, and the plates in the cells are fixed under their own weight here. In closed structures, the bars have special grooves for attaching the cassette and are closed with plates fixed from the bottom.
Ceiling decoration in offices
When you first enter the office of an organization, one way or another, you evaluate the interior design: the subtlety of the repair, the combination of colors and styles in the design, the taste of the selected furniture – all this affects the first impression of the organization.
The design of the office space, and the ceiling in particular, is today one of the important components that can influence the client’s perception of the company and the performance and mood of its employees.
Therefore, using the acoustic properties of the ceiling, you can create comfortable working conditions for employees – soundproofing in two adjacent spaces or reducing overall noise using the sound-absorbing properties of the finishing materials.
Reducing overall noise or sound absorption will greatly reduce employee fatigue. This is especially important for people who work in open spaces – large open spaces with a large number of employees. As a rule, this technology is most often used in call centers, large commercial enterprises and advertising agencies.
Ceiling finish in the office space is the logical conclusion of the entire interior. The ceiling is most often made of white or other pastel colors – this makes the room lighter and the ceiling itself higher.
There are three main types of ceiling decoration in offices:
- Finishing with dry building mixtures, then painting the ceiling.
- plasterboard ceiling,
- Suspended ceiling finishes.