While painting, we need a roller, press tray or bucket with a device to remove excess paint from the roller. The performance of the rollers is greater than that of a conventional brush. With the help of rollers, you can apply not only paint, but also primer, glue and lime. But the roller is not suitable for painting the corners of rooms, wood panels and baseboards. In this case, brushes of different sizes are ideal. First, paint the corner of the room with a brush, while the paint should be well shaded.
A steel, plastic or wooden plate with a diameter of 12-15 mm can be used to squeeze the paint from the surface of the roller. In a checkerboard pattern, you can make such holes in a piece of plywood, put this paper in the tray and roll the roller several times so that the excess paint goes back into the tray or bucket.
After pressing the roller, we attach it to the surface to be painted. When working with the ceiling, we move the roller in the direction of the sun’s rays. Obviously, it is impossible to cover the entire surface with a roller at once, so we apply the paint in streaks. Initially, the roller applies a thicker layer to the wall or ceiling, which is gradually shaded. The pressure on the roller should increase as the paint is spent on the surface. You can paint the wall in one or two steps. If two coats can be applied, the first paint is usually applied vertically, the second horizontally. The paint must be shaded with special care, if you notice defects, the wall must be repainted.
Only with the initial skills of working with a brush and roller, you can begin to paint large areas. Practice in small spaces or on pieces of cardboard and plywood. The primer is tinted a little to match the future paint, this will allow you to get an even tone on the wall or ceiling. If you are applying lime compound to a wall or ceiling, be prepared that the roller will deteriorate quickly.
Painting: working with brushes
We use fly brushes to paint large surfaces. A smooth and clean surface is obtained if the coating technology is followed. The composition itself must be periodically stirred with an oscillating brush, and stirred into the paint two or three times. This allows you to get rid of the deposits at the bottom of the can, the paint is uniform in composition, so it looks perfect on the wall. After 5-7 minutes, do not forget to stir the coloring composition. Excess paint from the brush should be squeezed to the edge of the container.
We try to work in such a way that uniform fluctuations are obtained with the brush, and the paint is not applied in a thick layer: the layer must remain uniform. A brush should not resemble a spoon; Rotate it periodically between your hands so that it resembles a lamp. If you press too hard on the brush, the paint will start to drain and streaks will form on the wall. If you don’t press hard on the brush, the paint will fall off the wall in a thick layer and in narrow streaks. Try to apply a little pressure at first, and increase the pressure as you move the brush.
We try to keep the brush perpendicular to the surface. A slight slope to the wall is allowed. It is best to apply the paint to the wall with an oscillating brush in horizontal strokes, then with vertical strokes, while it is important to shade the paint. You can work together:
One person applies the paint horizontally, the second follows it and shades it on the wall in vertical motions. If the work is carried out alone, then we work on small sections of the wall, apply paint, we immediately go and go. Double shading will avoid unpainted spots appearing on the wall.
Coating: Handbrake technology
Before work, we attach the handbrake, for the glue coating, we leave the hair 4-5 cm. The coloring composition itself must be thoroughly mixed with a clean stick. Dip the brush into the paint 1-2 cm, pressing the excess composition to the edge of the container. When applying paint to the wall, it is necessary to shade the composition. If the glue coating is applied to the wall with a thick layer, it may cause cracks and splits in the surface. If the oil paint is applied too thickly, it will start to curl on the wall. Thick layers stand out against the general background with jagged lines.
We apply the paint with a handbrake with even strokes. First, we shade the paint in one direction, then we work in the other. It is better to apply the paint in thin layers – varnish, filling the pores of the wall as accurately as possible. This will allow the colorant to bond better with the primer and surface. The brush hair should work with the side part, not the butt. In this case, you can press the handbrake a little bit so that the hair bends a little. Small brushes and handbrakes are usually used to work with oil paints. When working with a wooden surface, it is necessary to shade the composition along the fibers towards the window if a single layer is applied. If we plan to paint the links, we shade the paint along the rails. When working with the roof, we move along the slope to the gutters of the ridge. If two layers of paint are applied to wood, then the first is shaded across the fibers. If there is good putty on the wall, the shading will pass through the light that falls from the windows. If we apply three layers of paint, the first and third layers will shade in the same direction. When coating non-putty floors, the composition is applied along the boards.
Facing and facades are useful if we want to give the painted surface an even texture. It is better to perform these manipulations together. One person can draw, and the second person can immediately do the work under the flute or trim. The surface acquires an even tone. There are no unpainted spots on the wall. Facing allows you to give the wall the appearance of cobbled leather, rough, bumpy. Facing requires a thicker dye formula. If the paint is too liquid, it will not be able to form artificial irregularities and roughness, it will simply fuse, and you will have to redo all the work.
In the right hand we take trimming, in the left hand – a clean cloth. We work with a freshly painted surface, applying small strokes to the wall with a brush. The hair should gently touch the wall surface when trimming. Effects allow paint to level, and surface texture changes. In order to make the entire wall of the same type of fabric, it is necessary to strike with the same force. A swipe will create a specific place everyone will pay attention to. One place should not be hit multiple times. We strike evenly, moving along the wall, without losing points and without leaving strong marks. Gradually, the trimming hair will get wet from the paint, and the brush will not be able to completely trim the surface. To do this, we need a rag with which we periodically wipe the brush. At the end of the day, the razor should be washed and dried.
When grooving, we also need a clean, dry cloth. Using the bristles of the brush, compare the paint lines. The composition should be carefully shaded, not losing wall fragments. Wipe the hairs with a rag periodically, removing excess paint. If the flute is wet from the coloring formula, the paint will smudge on the wall, creating rough spots. In the course of work, you can change the flute, for this, prepare several brushes in advance.
When painting the walls, we may need to remove the panels. The panels are narrow strips 3-5 cm wide. The coating applied in this way allows you to delimit the wall space and divide it into several fragments. This is done in order to decoratively emphasize the transition from one color to another. You can perform painting at the junction of the board and the wall. But the palette should not be plain, its color should be optimally combined with adjacent shades. With the help of an enameled wire, we run a strip along the wall, along which the board is led.
We use a special brush to remove the canvas, which will be round or rectangular depending on the type of drawing. We take a ruler on which the chamfer has been removed from both sides. We apply the ruler strictly along the line that was struck on the wall. We try to press firmly against the ruler against the wall to avoid the paint from flowing under it. The painting should be uniform in width and shade throughout. We wet the brush from time to time, removing excess paint, which can create an overly saturated shade. You can draw the plate with a special stencil. The panels are usually removed with oil or adhesive dyes.
Oil paints are used if the upper part of the wall is treated with an oil composition. If the upper part of the finish is covered with glue paint, and the lower part – with oil paint , then the plate is applied with adhesive paint. Oil paints must be diluted with turpentine.
Dry paints , diluted with kvass or beer, will fall evenly on the wall. The panels are usually removed with oil or adhesive dyes. Oil paints are used if the upper part of the wall is treated with an oil composition. If the upper part of the finish is covered with glue paint, and the lower part – with oil paint, then the panel is applied with adhesive paint. Oil paints must be diluted with turpentine. Dry paints, diluted with kvass or beer, will fall evenly on the wall. The panels are usually removed with oil or adhesive dyes.
Oil paints are used if the upper part of the wall is treated with an oil composition. If the upper part of the finish is covered with glue paint, and the lower part – with oil paint, then the panel is applied with adhesive paint. Oil paints must be diluted with turpentine. Dry paints, diluted with kvass or beer, will fall evenly on the wall.
Painting: We work with a vacuum cleaner and a spray gun
If we work with adhesives and lime pigments, we can make our job easier with a vacuum cleaner. Try to prepare a homogeneous mixture in the composition so that small impurities and particles do not clog the holes. If they still get clogged during painting, we stop the process, clean the nozzles, and get on with the work. If you get a thin layer of paint on the wall, we have chosen the correct plane length and speed of movement. It is worth moving very quickly, because the vacuum cleaners have a high spray speed.
It is better to move in a spiral manner. You can apply a layer of paint directly on the primer, you can brush off the layer of paint that has been applied with a brush to flatten it. We do not fill the entire paint container, but only ¾. There should be a rubber ring on the lid, it is recommended to moisten it: the rubber will stick tightly to the walls of the case. The length of the current depends on the power of the vacuum cleaner. If the flame is too short, the paint will hit the surface, thicken, and form drips. Move the spray can in smooth motions, making sure the spray is an equal distance from the wall surface at all times. Try not to apply too much paint in the same area so that the paint does not form spots in a thick layer. If the matte surface has acquired a glossy sheen, then it’s worth stopping and moving on. When working against light, these changes will be especially noticeable.
Spray guns are also suitable for spraying with adhesives or lime mortars. For oil paint, a spray gun equipped with a compressor is more suitable. The coloring composition must be carefully filtered to remove all large particles. When working with large spray guns, two people do the painting: one of the workers applies the paint to the wall, and the other watches the pressure gauge and pumps the air out.
If the pressure is normal, the paint is evenly applied to the wall. If you change the pressure, shocks may occur, which leads to uneven coloring, the appearance of streaks. We hold the rod in such a way that the holes are perpendicular to the wall. Try testing the paint on an unattractive area of the wall that is hidden from view. If the spray gun is working normally, the length of the torch should be 75-100cm, if the paint is too thick, the pressure increases, and vice versa. You can paint the wall with a brush, carefully shade the paint, and then “powder” the surface with a spray gun.